Bolzano's theory of infinity which is mostly contained in his Paradoxes of Infinity from 1848 is usually considered as a step in a wrong direction. Both Bolzano and Cantor defended actual infinity in mathematics. But while Cantor based his measuring of infinite sets on the one-to-one correspodence Bolzano based it on the part-whole principles: the whole is greater than its part.
We'll demonstrate there are several interpretations of Bolzano's theory. Some of them are based on the framework of non-standard analysis. An open question remains: is there a meaningful interpretation without ultrafilters? Consequently, was Cantor's theory of infinite numbers inevitable?